To understand this type of cancer, it helps to be familiar with the structure and function of the testicles. In adult males, a testicle is slightly smaller than the size of a golf ball. Each testicle is confined within a bag-like skin structure called the scrotum.
To do a self-check, hold the testicle between your thumbs and fingers, rolling it gently. Look out for any hard lumps, smooth rounded bumps or change in the size, shape or consistency of the testicles.
Other signs to look out for during a self-check are:
- Painless lump or swelling on either testicle
- Pain or discomfort in a testicle or scrotum
- Change in the way a testicle feels or “heaviness” in the scrotum
- Dull ache in lower abdomen or groin
- Sudden build-up of fluid in the scrotum
If any signs are present, set up an appointment with your doctor or specialist for a proper medical check-up and diagnosis.