All women regardless of age and ethnicity are at risk of developing breast cancer. It is among the top three deadliest types of cancer affecting women.
It starts in the breast tissue made up of glands for milk production (lobules) and ducts that connect the lobules to the nipples.
Did you know that men too are at risk and can also develop breast cancer?
Ductal Carcinoma In-Situ
Non-invasive type. The abnormal cells are present in the lining of the breast milk duct.
Invasive Ductal Carcinoma
The abnormal cells that originate from the lining of the breast milk duct invades surrounding tissues.
Metastatic Breast Cancer
This type of cancer has spread beyond the breast. It usually affects lungs, bones or brains.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer
Difficult to detect as it's rare as it sometimes does not develop a tumour.
Your risk factors increase with age. They usually go up from 50 years and above.
The most common known gene mutations are breast cancer genes 1 and 2 (BRCA1 and BRCA2). Mutations on these genes are linked to an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer. For men, the risk of breast and prostate cancer increase if these mutations are present.
High breast density
Dense breasts have less fatty tissue and more non-fatty tissue. Dense breasts also have more gland tissues. Breast density can be inherited. One way to measure breast density is the thickness of tissue on a mammogram. However, women younger than 40 should first consult their healthcare professional before considering mammograms.
Confined to the breast with an estimated 5-year survival rate of up to 99%. Early diagnosis is crucial as rate decreases by 75% at distant stage.
Surrounding tissues or nearby lymph nodes are affected.
Cancer that has metastasized to organs or lymph nodes above the collarbone.
Get enough sleep
Limit alcohol intake
Eat food that promote health
Regular checks at home and clinic follow-up if you notice changes
Exercise at least 3x a week and include cardio and weight training
Quit or control smoking habits
*References: Cancer Research Malaysia | UPMC CancerCenter | www.breastcancer.org | www.nationalbreastcancer.org/mammogram